Un experimento para crear conciencia en las personas acerca de los ataques de Ingeniería Social

Palabras clave: Ingeniería Social, Phishing, Ciber Ataque

Resumen

La Ingeniería Social es la técnica que permite obtener información confidencial de los usuarios, de manera fraudulenta, con la finalidad de usarla en contra de ellos mismos, o de las organizaciones en las que laboran.  Este estudio presenta un experimento enfocado a crear conciencia acerca de las consecuencias de este tipo de ataque, mediante la ejecución de un ataque controlado a personas de confianza. Para lograrlo, se han llevado a cabo un conjunto de engaños y actividades, que los atacantes usan comúnmente para obtener información sensible, incentivando la curiosidad de los contactos de las redes sociales para que visiten un blog personal con información ficticia. A más de esta interacción humana, se ha instalado un complemento oculto y no deseado, para recolectar información del usuario tales como: su dirección IP, país de origen, sistema operativo y tipo de navegador. Con la información recolectada, se realizó un ataque de escaneo a los puertos 80 (Web server) y 22 (SSH Server), para encontrar más información sensible. Posteriormente, se muestran los resultados a las víctimas. Además, luego del ataque se realizó una encuesta a los usuarios acerca de su conocimiento de Phishing y de Ingeniería Social.  Los resultados muestran que únicamente el 2% de las personas, sospecharon o preguntaron acerca del verdadero motivo para visitar el Blog. Más aún, demuestra que las personas que visitaron el blog, no tienen conocimiento y conciencia de cómo se puede vulnerar información sensible de una forma relativamente sencilla.

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Citas

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Publicado
2020-01-09
Cómo citar
Benavides-Astudillo, E., Fuertes-Díaz, W., & Sánchez-Gordon, S. (2020). Un experimento para crear conciencia en las personas acerca de los ataques de Ingeniería Social. CIENCIA UNEMI, 13(32), 27-40. Recuperado a partir de http://ojs.unemi.edu.ec/index.php/cienciaunemi/article/view/1028
Sección
Artículos Científicos